The epidemiology of pathogenes on apples in focus

Symtoms and defence reactions were in focus of the first network meeting of the NKJ-funded Nordic Apple Network May 18-19, 2021.

 

 

First on the agenda was an update on the current situation of fruit quality after storage and storage losses, presented by the representatives from the industry from all four participating countries. This update was followed by presentations of the ongoing research on storage conditions, storage disorders and storage diseases.

The presentations were accompanied by fruitful discussions and exchange of knowledge, regarding current problems as well as research needs, with emphasis on fruit quality loss, storage rots and physiological decay. Special attention was given to the diversity of the disease- and disorder symptoms, pathogens and their epidemiology and to the diversity of the defence reactions among cultivars. The participants stressed the importance of good pre-harvest practices for reducing post-harvest losses. Future collaborations, funding opportunities and the contents of the next workshop were also discussed. 

The meeting was hosted by SLU and took place online where 35 participants, representing research, growers, advisory services, packing houses and authorities exchanged their knowledge and experiences.

The network unites participants from Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden, and addresses the issue of post-harvest losses. The focus is on how to achieve improved plant health via better knowledge of epidemiology, novel monitoring tools, knowledge of cultivar pre- and postharvest physiology, disease resistance, and cultivation practices.

Reindeer and forestry – new film focuses on solutions

Reindeer herding has a long history in Sápmi, the northernmost region of Norway, Sweden and Finland. But the reindeer husbandry is under pressure.

 

Svensk text längre ner på sidan

Mining, hydropower dams, windmills, roads, tourism and not least forestry have all made old migration routes, resting places and pastureland for reindeer herders decrease or become damaged.

The film Reindeer and forestry in the Nordic countries focus on the options to solve potential conflicts between reindeer herding and forestry. We meet reindeer owners and forestry servants in northern Norway (Alta), Finland (Ivalo) and Sweden (Jokkmokk and Sveg). They discuss the problems and how they can be overcome with dialogue and concern.

The first half of the film gives an overview and history of reindeer herding in the Nordic countries, together with snapshots from Norway and Finland.

The second half describes (from Sweden) active measures that the forestry can do to reduce the impact on lichen availability, the main fodder for the reindeer. Examples are: more lenient site preparation, thin the forest to help lichens and accessibility, avoid lodgepole pine in sensitive areas, leave seed trees and tree groups and use selective cutting in old spruce forests.

The main message of the film is that forestry and reindeer herding will continue to exist side by side, but in order to do so, dialogue and mutual respect is necessary.

The 20 minute long film is a co-production from Heurgren Film and Silvinformation, made with support from Nordic Forest Research (SNS) and Nordic Agri Research (NKJ).

 

 

 

Renar och skogsbruk – ny film fokuserar på lösningar

Renskötseln har en lång historia i Sápmi, den nordligaste delen av Norge, Sverige och Finland. Men renhållningen är under press.

 

Gruvdrift, vattenkraftsdammar, vindkraftverk, vägar, turism och inte minst skogsbruk har gjort att gamla flyttvägar, viloplatser och betesmark minskat eller skadats.

Filmen Ren och skogsbruk i de nordiska länderna fokuserar på lösningar på potentiella konflikter mellan renskötsel och skogsbruk. Vi träffar renägare och skogsbrukare i norra Norge (Alta), Finland (Ivalo) och Sverige (Jokkmokk och Sveg). De diskuterar problemen och hur dessa kan övervinnas genom dialog och engagemang.

Den första halvan av filmen ger historik och översikt över renskötseln i de nordiska länderna, plus några ögonblicksbilder från Norge och Finland.

Andra halvan beskriver (från Sverige) aktiva åtgärder som skogsbruket kan vidta för att minska påverkan på tillgången på lav, det huvudsakliga fodret för renen. Exempel är mer skonsam markberedning, gallring av skogen för att hjälpa lavar och tillgängligheten till skogen, lämna fröträd och grupper av träd och använd selektiv beskärning i gamla granskogar.

Filmens huvudbudskap är att skogsbruk och renskötsel kommer att fortsätta att existera sida vid sida, men för att göra det krävs dialog och ömsesidig respekt.

Den 20 minuter långa filmen är en samproduktion från Heurgren Film and Silvinformation, gjord med stöd från Nordic Forest Research (SNS) och Nordic Agri Research (NKJ).

BioEquality forum 1: Female role models for gender balance

Discussion forum 1 of 3 in the BioEquality series

Role models for a gender balanced digital bioeconomy 

One of the action points suggested in the report Redefining digital bioeconomy to make the digital bioeconomy more gender equal is to increase the number of female role models and thereby diversify the masculine image, creating more inclusiveness. This type of action aims to serve to set an example and encourage women to seek education related to, and employment in, the digital bioeconomy. This alone is not enough considering that the very structures of bioeconomy and tech industries remain masculine, however it is an important stepping stone in increasing the number of females in the sector. 

This discussion forum is part of a series aiming to open up for discussions on how the education of young academics can integrate the gender perspective into the meeting between digitalisation and bioeconomy. The discussion forums are initiated and financed by Nordic Forest Research, Nordic Agri Research and the Nordic Council of Ministers. 

When: 26th of May, 10.00-11.30 CET 
To solve any technical problems, please log in to the discussion forum no later than 09.55 

Where: Online via Zoom 
Participants will be provided with a link to the discussion forum on Monday 24th of May 

RSVP: 19th of May to lovisa.torfgard@analysysmason.com

Agenda

• Welcome and introduction 

• Three inspirational speeches – One teacher, one student and one female role model share their point of view on female role models 

• Group discussions on who are the role models for young women – How is one classified as a role model? Do they have to be women? Is it women far ahead in their careers, that have taken the same path as them, that have the same educational background? 

• Brainstorming ideas on how role models can take a more active role at universities – 

Examples could involve inviting role models to inspirational lectures in courses, ask them to mentor students etc. 

• Reflections in larger group 

• Closing remarks 

Welcome!

BioEquality forum 2: Mentorship empowers the young females

Discussion forum 2 of 3 in the BioEquality series

Networks and mentorship programs to empower young professionals in the digital bioeconomy

Two of the action points suggested in the report Redefining digital bioeconomy to make the digital bioeconomy more gender equal are mentorship programs and networks. Mentorship programs can empower young female graduates to pursue careers in the digital bioeconomy. Setting up mentorship programs is however associated with challenges and in need of reflective thinking. It important to remember is that the aim is not change women to be “better” or “more like men”, but rather for men and women to be equals. Furthermore, networks for young professionals and students in the bioeconomy are valuable for strengthening connections, facilitating discussions, and increasing inclusive involvement for students and workers. Peer support is important in succeeding in male dominated industries, where the peer support can come from both men and women. 

This discussion forum is part of a series of aiming to open up for discussions on how the education of young academics can integrate the gender perspective into the meeting between digitalisation and bioeconomy. The discussion forums are initiated and financed by Nordic Forest Research, Nordic Agri Research and the Nordic Council of Ministers. 

When: 2th of June, 10.00-11.30 CET 
To solve any technical problems, please log in to the discussion forum no later than 09.55 

Where: Online via Zoom 
Participants will be provided with a link to the discussion forum on Monday 31st of May 

RSVP: 26th of May to lovisa.torfgard@analysysmason.com 

Agenda 

• Welcome and introduction 

• Three inspirational speeches – One teacher, one student and one network member share their point of view on networks and mentorship programs 

• Group discussions on what role existing networks and mentorship programs have – How do employer female networks work and how do they differ from third party networks? What do mentorship programs 

• Brainstorming ideas on how networks and mentorship programs can take a more active role at universities 

• Reflections in larger group 

• Closing remarks 

Welcome! 

BioEquality 3: Tools for gender balance in the digital bioeconomy

Discussion forum 3 of 3 in the BioEquality series

Tools to incorporate gender perspectives in university courses on digital bioeconomy 

One of the action points suggested in the report Redefining digital bioeconomy to make the digital bioeconomy more gender equal is to develop tools and methods to incorporate this topic in bioeconomy-related university education. The aim being to facilitate a discussion on how gendered structures impact men and women and their opportunities within the fields of digital bioeconomy and thereby create a foundation for change. 

This discussion forum is part of a series of aiming to open up for discussions on how the education of young academics can integrate the gender perspective into the meeting between digitalisation and bioeconomy. The discussion forums are initiated and financed by Nordic Forest Research, Nordic Agri Research and the Nordic Council of Ministers. 

When: 9th of June, 10.00-11.30 CET 
To solve any technical problems, please log in to the discussion forum no later than 09.55 

Where: Online via Zoom 
Participants will be provided with a link to the discussion forum on Monday 7th of June 

RSVP: 2nd of June to lovisa.torfgard@analysysmason.com 

Agenda

• Welcome and introduction 

• Three inspirational speeches – Student and university representatives share their point of view on gender perspectives in university courses 

• Group discussions on gender perspectives in university courses on digital bioeconomy –What courses on digital bioeconomy are there? What courses should contain gender perspectives? 

• Brainstorming ideas on how to incorporate gender perspectives at universities – Who is responsible for doing this? Who should we target? What is the best format for incorporating gender perspectives in university courses? Are there examples from other university programs we can get inspiration from? 

• Reflections in larger group 

• Closing remarks 

Welcome! 

Join us on the way to a gender balanced bioeconomy

Welcome to three discussion forums on the topic of

Gender perspectives in the digital bioeconomy

We will address the gender imbalance in the increasingly digitalized bioeconomy. The forums are a part of the project Bioequality (The digital bioeconomy – a method handbook for an equal Nordic bioeconomy) and financed by Nordic Forest Research, Nordic Agri Research and Nordic Information on Gender.

 

SAVE THE DATES:

• Role models for a gender balanced digital bioeconomy
26th of May, 10:00-11:30 CET
Registration and questions: send an email to lovisa.torfgard@analysysmason.com by the 19th of May

• Networks and mentorship programs to empower young professionals in the digital bioeconomy
2nd of June, 10:00-11:30 CET

• Tools to incorporate gender perspectives in university courses on digital bioeconomy
9th of June, 10:00-11:30 CET

 

Where: Online via Zoom, link will be sent to registered participants one day in advance of the discussion forums

Registration and questions: send an email to lovisa.torfgard@analysysmason.com

 

Read more about the BioEquality network and the report (below)

Download the report from BioEquality network, basis for discussions

 

 

 

Interview about the report

Soil as a carbon sink: welcome to participate in knowledge exchange

SAVE THE DATES!

Welcome to 3 webinars during the spring:
Soil as a Carbon Sink

These webinars aim to stimulate knowledge exchange between Nordic actors interested in soil as a carbon sink. They are initiated and financed by Nordic Forest Research, Nordic Agri Research and the Nordic Council of Ministers’ working group for climate and air. We will discuss soil as a carbon sink with experts from Carbon Action, Finnish Meteorological Institute, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SEGES, and Svensk kolinlagring – just to mention a few.  

Policy challenges with regards to soil carbon sequestration 27th of April , 10.00-11.30 CET
Registration: Simplesignup – soil as a carbon sink before April 20

Carbon sequestration in soil relates to a range of different perspectives and policy areas, such as biodiversity, production economics, and climate aspects. This complexity creates challenges in terms of managing trade-offs and setting effective policies for tomorrow’s sustainable soil management. In this seminar we will discuss different perspectives, how policymakers can navigate among potential goal conflicts, what research says about these potential goal conflicts, what the main challenges are, and what learnings or “best practice” that can be shared.

Speakers:

  • EU policy on carbon sequestration in forestry and land use
    Christian Holzleitner, Head of unit, Land Use and Finance for Innovation, European Commission
  • Creating an effective transition to climate neutrality – the role of policy
    Hanna Mattila, Ministerial Adviser, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Finland
  • Striving to protect and increase soil carbon while balancing competing societal interests: Examples from Norway
    Adam O’Toole, Researcher, Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research

 

Visualisation methods and models for soil carbon sequestration 4th of May, 10.00-11.30 CET
Registration: Simplesignup – soil as a carbon sink

To reap the benefits from carbon sequestration in soil it is essential to calculate and communicate the effects of different carbon capture activities. In this seminar we will discuss different methods and models to calculate and communicate these activities. We will engage in question such as “Which methods and models exists?”, “What are their advantages and disadvantages?”, “What development is needed to increase their efficiency and accuracy?”, and “How user friendly are they?”. 

Speakers:

  • Title coming
    Dr Johan Stendahl, Researcher, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences and Head of Swedish Forest Soil Inventory
  • Carbon Action Field Observatory – illustrating carbon farming effects on farms
    Prof Jari Liski, Finnish Meteorological Institute, responsible Field Observatory
  • Carbon modelling for Danish farms
    Søren Kolind Hvid, Senior specialist, Danish Agriculture & Food Council F.m.b.A. SEGES

 

Digital knowledge centres for soil carbon sequestration 11th of May, 10.00-11.30 CET
Registration: Simplesignup – soil as a carbon sink

Soil as a carbon sink is of interest to a wide range of stakeholders and focus point for multiple initiatives. In addition, knowledge is developing fast. This creates a complex ecosystem of actors, organisations, and knowledge which makes it challenging to comprehend what is ongoing and by whom. In this seminar we will discuss how to facilitate increased information sharing and the potential need for digital spaces for knowledge transfer.

Speakers: 

  • How to bridge model-data integration to decision-relevant time frames
    Dr Istem Fer, Senior researcher, Carbon Cycle Research Group, Finnish Meteorological Institute
  • Nordic going global – experiences from soil carbon collaborations
    Dr Laura Höijer, Content Director, Baltic Sea Action Group carbonaction.org
  • Unlocking the potential of carbon farming
    Lova Brodin, CEO MiljöMatematik/Svensk Kolinlagring kolinlagring.se

 

Where: Online via Zoom, link will be sent to registered participants

Registration: Simplesignup – soil as a carbon sink

Questions: Please contact Lovisa Torfgård: lovisa.torfgard@analysysmason.com

NordCrop helps us adapt to a changing global climate

How can we find more robust genotypes? In a changing climate we need to adapt our crops. Our NKJ research network NordCrop is working to do this!

Field crops are under pressure due to climate change. Knowledge of crop response to single abiotic stress is often available, but NordCrop will focus on the poorly understood effects of multiple stresses to develop more resilient field crops. Global climate change means that our crops are increasingly exposed to drought or waterlogging, heat and elevated CO2.

The network, funded by NKJ, will investigate how we can exploit new genomic and phenotyping technologies to identify more robust genotypes in key Nordic field crops (wheat, oat, potato and fodder grasses). A virtual meeting is coming up, 14-15 April 2021: “Phenotyping for abiotic climate stresses and yield” (day 1) and “Phenotyping for stresses ” (day 2). Welcome to participate!

Register here, it’s free of charge!

For further information contact Carl-Otto Ottosen, coo@food.au.dk

AGENDA FURTHER DOWN!

Preliminary schedule Virtual Meeting Resilient Northern Crops Network (NordCrop) 14–15 April 2021

Agenda

Day 1 April 14: 12.30-16.30 Phenotyping for abiotic climate stresses and yield
12.30 Welcome (Carl-Otto Ottosen, Aarhus University (AU))
12.40 Keynote Rod Snowdon: Genetics and physiology of yield potential (Justus Liebig University)
13.10 Priming for heat tolerance in wheat (Thayna Mendanha, AU)
13.30 Image-based detection of fungal pathogen infections in Arabidopsis and application of the method on oat spikelets (Kristiina Himanen, University of Helsinki)
13.50 The genetic and physiological basis of yield progress in Norwegians spring wheat (Tomasz Mróz, Norvegian University of Life Science (NMBU))
14.10 Magic populations in phenotyping (John Doonan, Aberysthwyth University, (AberU))
14.30 Grain yield prediction based on multitemporal multispectral UAV imaging (Sahameh Shafiee, NMBU)
14.50 3D modelling of ear emergence (Mori Boozandani, AberU)
15.10 Break
15.30 Student presentations (5 min each)
16.00 General discussion (to be planned)

Day 2 April 15: 12.30-16.30 Phenotyping for stresses
12.30 Keynote Olivier Van Aken: Wounding response och and stress tolerance (Lund University)
13.00 Wheat and drought (Anders Carlsson, Swedish Agricultural University (SLU)
13.20 Sorghum (Mulatu Geleta, SLU)
13.40 Modulated chlorophyll fluorescence as sceening tool (Eva Rosenqvist, University of Copenhagen (UCPH)
14.00 Guard cells in action (Hannes Kollist, University of Tartu)
14.20 Physiological responses of tomato to drought, elevated CO2 and VPD (Shenglan Li, UCPH)
14.40 Multiple stresses and melationin (Rong Zhou, AU)
15.00 Break
15.20 Wheat and heat (Aakash Chawade, SLU)
15.40 Detecting potato diseases in the field (Rick van de Zedde, Wageningen University and Research, NL)
16.00 Wrap up and general discussion

Gender equal Nordic bioeconomy by female mentoring

We need to redefine who the typical worker is in the bioeconomy. The sector needs female mentoring programs and networks for women to become more gender equal.

 

Download the report further down

The report “Redefining digital bioeconomy” shows the need to work with the interface between gender equality, bioeconomy and digitalisation. Digitalisation and automation of heavy jobs could have been one way to achieve a more gender-equal bioeconomy. But that has not been the case. Instead, the two already heavily male-dominated sectors have continued to be as male-dominated when they are joined in a digitalised bioeconomy.

Not only for women

We want to change that! The bioeconomy plays a crucial role in mitigating and managing climate change. To overcome the challenges we face, we must have access and make use of the competence and experiences of the entire population, not just men. And there shouldn’t be any parts in society that are closed to certain groups.

There is almost no literature investigating gender equality in a digitalised bioeconomy. With our report “Redefining digital bioeconomy”, we want to fill the gap.

Ways forward

The report highlights that the ongoing shift in workforce skills needed both in the bioeconomy and technology sectors could be used to actively redefine the stereotypical worker in the sectors.

We also recognised the need for female leadership, mentors and networks. This is widely emphasised as key factor to attract more women to the sector.

We suggest five action points:

  • Increasing the number of female role models
  • Mentorship programs
  • Networks for young professionals and students
  • Further research in the intersection of digitalisation, bioeconomy and gender
  • Tools and methods to incorporate gender in bioeconomy-related education

The work will go on

We will now continue to work with norm-critical dialogue and discussions with the goal to produce a handbook for a gender-equal, digitalised bioeconomy. The target group for the manual is students – they are the future workforce in the bioeconomy and that’s where we must make a difference!


Click to download the report


 

Click to see an interview with one of the authors of the report, Lovisa Torfgård

Corona forces us to learn new manors

The Corona pandemic changes our lifes in many respects. Networking activities has had to be different. Not at all impossible, but different.

 

There is other ways to network than travelling and meeting physically. We can meet and accomplish a lot in digital ways. We can present research results, discuss and step forward. But we need some time to change and to learn.

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the project period for NKJ networks has previously been extended. To be able to achieve the aims of the networks and to report the activities on time, we strongly encourage our networks to arrange meetings online. We don’t want you to miss out on contacts, cooperation and new knowledge, so please take all chances there are to keep up the good work!

In the light of the travel restrictions, we suggest that networks use funding initially budgeted as travel costs, for arranging high quality online meetings, if needed. This means that networks could use funding intended for travel costs to e.g. involve consultants or facilitators to help design and arrange cutting edge digital meeting solutions.

Good luck, and please let us know about your experiences of digital meetings!